Presentation: Sequential Double Robustness in Right-Censored Longitudinal Models
Speaker: Alexander Luedtke, Ph.D., Assistant Member, Vaccine and Infectious Disease Division, Public Health Sciences Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
Abstract: Consider estimating the G-formula for the counterfactual mean outcome under a given treatment regime in a longitudinal study. Bang and Robins provided an estimator for this quantity that relies on a sequential regression formulation of this parameter. This approach is doubly robust in that it is consistent if either the outcome regressions or the treatment mechanisms are consistently estimated. We define a stronger notion of double robustness, termed sequential double robustness, for estimators of the longitudinal G-formula. The definition emerges naturally from a more general definition of sequential double robustness for the outcome regression estimators. An outcome regression estimator is sequentially doubly robust (SDR) if, at each subsequent time point, either the outcome regression or the treatment mechanism is consistently estimated. This form of robustness is exactly what one would anticipate is attainable by studying the remainder term of a first-order expansion of the G-formula parameter. We show that a particular implementation of an existing procedure is SDR. We also introduce a new SDR estimator, whose development involves a novel translation of ideas used in targeted minimum loss-based estimation to the infinite-dimensional setting.